Exercise Prescription

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Physical inactivity is a primary cause of most chronic diseases[1], including musculoskeletal diseases. The components of an exercise prescription may be divided into Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type (i.e. modality - cardiovascular training, resistance exercises, weight training, calisthenics). This is known as the FITT approach.

For example

  • Frequency: five times a week
  • Intensity: Moderate
  • Time: At least 30 minutes
  • Type: Brisk walking, cardiovascular training

V for volume and P for progression may be added (FITT-VP). An additional component, enjoyment, may need to be considered.[2]

See Also


  1. Booth, Frank W.; Roberts, Christian K.; Laye, Matthew J. (2012-04). "Lack of exercise is a major cause of chronic diseases". Comprehensive Physiology. 2 (2): 1143–1211. doi:10.1002/cphy.c110025. ISSN 2040-4603. PMC 4241367. PMID 23798298. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. K, Burnet; E, Kelsch; G, Zieff; Jb, Moore; L, Stoner (2019-02-01). "How fitting is F.I.T.T.?: A perspective on a transition from the sole use of frequency, intensity, time, and type in exercise prescription". Physiology & behavior (in English). 199. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.11.007. ISSN 1873-507X. PMID 30414400.