Inferior Cluneal Nerve Entrapment

From WikiMSK

This article is a stub. Please help WikiMSK by expanding it.

The cluneal nerves are a group of pure sensory nerves (superior, medial or middle, and inferior) that provide sensory supply to the buttocks. This article covers inferior cluneal nerve entrapment. See also the more common superior cluneal nerve entrapment, as well as middle cluneal nerve entrapment.

Anatomy

Sensory supply of the cluneal nerves. SCN: superior cluneal; MCN: middle cluneal nerve; ICN: inferior cluneal nerve[1]

The cluneal nerves are divided into the superior cluneal nerve (SCN), middle cluneal nerve (MCN), and inferior cluneal nerve (ICN).

Innervation of the perineum: A: genitofemoral nerve; B: obturator nerve; C: inferior cluneal nerve; D: perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve; E: lioinguinal nerve; F: pudendal nerve
Copyright Andrea Trescot[1]

The inferior cluneal nerves (ICN) arise from the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve of the thigh (PFCN), which in turn is derived from the sensory branches of S1-3. The PFCN travels with the sciatic and pudendal nerves and passes through the sciatic notch. In the subgluteal region it ramifies into the inferior cluneal and perineal branches. The nerves have a recurrent course around the inferior margin of gluteus maximus. It innervates the inferior region of the buttocks, lateral anal region (but not the anus itself), and lateral labia majora (but not labia minora or vagina).[1]

Pathophysiology

Entrapment occurs with sitting and the site can be at the inferior margin of the ischium or at the level of the sciatic spine and piriformis.[1]

Epidemiology

The epidemiology is unknown.

Clinical Features

The patient may report a history of a fall onto their buttocks. Sitting, especially on hard seats, may cause symptoms. Examine for deep tenderness along the inferior edge of the gluteus maximus between the ischium and greater trochanter. Look for hyperaesthesia with pin prick and decreased light touch sensation over the inferior buttocks. [1]

Diagnosis

There is are no agreed diagnostic criteria.

Treatment

Injections can be done.[1]

References

  1. โ†‘ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Trescot, Andrea. Peripheral nerve entrapments : clinical diagnosis and management. Switzerland: Springer, 2016.

Library.pngLiterature Review