Vertigo Differential Diagnoses

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Differential Diagnoses

Otologic Vertigo

  • BPPV
  • Vestibular neuritis and Labyrinthitis
  • Meniere's disease
  • Bilateral vestibular paresis or loss
  • Superior semicircular canal dehiscence and perilymph fistula
  • Tumours compressing the 8th cranial nerve

Central Vertigo

  • Migraine
  • Stroke and TIA in VB arterial dissection
  • Seizures
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Chiari malformation
  • Cervical vertigo

Medical Vertigo

  • Postural hypotension
  • Arrythmia
  • Cardiac
  • Hypoglycaemia and diabetes mellitus
  • Medication effects
  • Viral syndrome

Unlocalised vertigo syndromes

  • Anxiety and panic
  • Posttraumatic vertigo
  • Hyperventilation
  • Malingering
  • Multisensory disequilibrium of the elderly
  • Unknown