Elbow Pain Differential Diagnoses

From WikiMSK

Differential Diagnoses

Lateral Elbow Pain

Medial Elbow Pain

  • Medial Elbow Tendinopathy
  • Medial collateral ligament sprain (acute and chronic)
  • Ulnar neuritis
  • Avulsion fracture of the medial epicondyle (children and adolescents)
  • Apophysitis (children and adolescents)
  • Referred pain

Posterior Elbow Pain

Anterior Elbow Pain


  • Osteoarthritis
  • If locking consider chondromalacia, osteochondritis, loose bodies

Differentiating Factors

Coombes et al summarised the important differentiating features of lateral elbow tendinopathy, shown below [1]

Differential lateral elbow tendinopathy.PNG


  1. Coombes et al. Management of Lateral Elbow Tendinopathy: One Size Does Not Fit All. The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy 2015. 45:938-49. PMID: 26381484. DOI.