Calf Pain Differential Diagnoses

From WikiMSK

Differential Diagnosis

  • Muscle strain (gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris)
  • Muscle contusion (gastrocnemius)
  • Superficial posterior compartment syndrome
  • Deep posterior compartment syndrome
  • Referred pain (lumbar spine, myofascial structures, superior tibiofibular joint, baker's cyst, knee posterior cruciate ligament, knee posterior capsular sprain)
  • Vascular entrapment (popliteal artery, endo-fibrosis of external iliac artery)
  • Nerve entrapment (tibial, sural)
  • Stress fractures (fibula, posterior cortex of the tibia)
  • Varicose veins e.g. superficial thrombosis
  • Deep vein thrombosis