Help:Crash Course

From WikiMSK

Editing a wiki is easy! To begin, start writing content and save it when you're done. Once you're comfortable, read the page below for info on formatting, to gradually learn about the advanced features that you can use on WikiMSK.

If you run into any questions that this guide cannot solve, you can always contact User:Jeremy

Formatting pages

There are two main methods used to edit pages:

  1. The visual editor
  2. The source editor.

For new users, especially for those without previous experience in using markup, the visual editor will be the most straightforward and simplest option. For 90% of things the visual editor is sufficient. However, knowing how to use both will help you edit better pages as you can more accurately work with more intricate features.

Other than increased complexity, the other main downside to using the source editor is that you can't use the Citoid software which is the easiest way to auto-generate referencing by just plugging in the DOI or PMID. You can however use another system to auto-generate references with PMIDs (not DOIs) which is outlined in Help:References.

Visual editor

The visual editor is a WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) tool to edit pages on MediaWiki. To use it you simply need to click Actions and then Edit, which will change the view and allow you to change text styles, formatting, add citations, tables and symbols, among other things. Apart from the regular text formatting (bold, italics), some useful things to add to an article are the following:

There are some keys you need to rely on within the visual text editor

  • The first of these is the will say Paragraph or Heading. If you click on this, a drop-down menu will open and youโ€™ll be able to change the text to paragraph or various different headings
  • Next to paragraph, you will find the options that allow you to choose between bold, italics, and many other settings like underline
  • Next to this is links, recognizable by the classic icon in the shape of a paper clip. By clicking on it, you can create two types of links: on the left side, you will have the chance to link to another WikiMSK entry, while on the right you will have the possibility to link it to an external address.
  • The cite button gives you a few options. The first tab lets you put in a PMID or DOI and it will autogenerate the reference. The second tab is if you want to put the reference in manually (I suggest using "basic form" for everything which is much easier to use than the specific journal/textbook versions). The third tab lets you reuse references.
  • Further along is the list tool, which allows you to make bulleted or numbered lists, insert images, tables or others, and the one with special characters, with which you can insert characters in the text that are not present in your keyboard.
  • Next is Insert, for inserting images and the like. You can upload your own work directly from here. However if it is a creative commons or public domain work then please use the "Upload file" link on the left of the site which lets you choose the license. You can then come back and add it in (you'll need to reload the page).
  • Finally there is symbols.

Source editor

MediaWiki sites (such as Wikipedia, Wikia, or WikiMSK) use wikitext to format its pages. The source editor can be activated by clicking Edit source which sits under the Edit button in the actions tab.

The source editor will allow you to either type the symbols for wikitext or by selecting the text and using the formatting bar above the edit box โ€” selecting B to format it as bold, for example. To see what a button does, hover your mouse over each button to get you acquainted with each option. As you get used to wikitext, you'll find yourself formatting the text directly.

Wikitext (or wiki markup) consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two single quotes, for example, by typing text ''like this''.

Wikitext cheatsheet

These are just some of the possible ways to format text using wikitext. Use this section as a useful reference as you edit more pages on WikiMSK.

These work anywhere on a page
Description You type You get
Bold and italic
'''''bold & italic'''''
bold & italic
Colored text (list.)
<font color="DarkOrchid">colored text</font> 
colored text
Escape wiki markup
text with no ''markup''
no ''markup''
Signature (use to sign your comments)
User:Lonny (talk) 21:28, June 13 2024 (UTC)
These work at the beginning of the line only
Description You type You get
Headings (Heading 1 is used only automatically for the page title)
==Heading 2==
 ===Heading 3===
 ====Heading 4====
 =====Heading 5=====

Heading 2

Heading 3
Heading 4
Heading 5

Horizontal line (use sparingly)

Bullet list
  • one
  • two
  • three
Numbered list
  1. one
  2. two
  3. three
Definition list
:item 1 
:item 2
item 1
item 2
Preformatted text
 a space at the 
 beginning of the line 
 preformatted text
a space at the 
beginning of the line 
preformatted text
Tables. See Help:Tables and Help:Table examples for more details.
{| border="1" style="color:Crimson;
| This
| Is
| A
| Table
This Is
A Table

Internal links (wikilinks)

Here are some variations of two important types of links in WikiMSK: internal links to other pages in the wiki โ€” including files (such as pictures) and external links to other websites. To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page already exists, it will be displayed in blue, while empty pages are displayed in red.

As you click on an internal link, the first letter is automatically capitalized and spaces are turned into underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended). Always make sure to follow proper naming for all pages, since links are case sensitive and might direct you to a missing page due to a different capitalization.

Description You type You get
Internal link [[Gluteal Tendinopathy]] Gluteal Tendinopathy
Piped link [[Gluteal Tendinopathy|Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome]] Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

External links

External links are in the form [ link name] (resulting in link name), with the link name separated from the URL by a space. Links without link names will be numbered: [] is simply a number [1]. Links with no square brackets will be displayed in their entirety:

Description You type You get
External link
External link, different title [ MediaWiki] MediaWiki
External link, unnamed [] [2]
Interwiki link for Wikipedia and [[Wikipedia:Medicine]] Wikipedia:Meidcine
Superscript for Wikipedia links {{w|target pagename}}.

Auckland{{w|Auckland, New Zealand}}


Inline HTML and CSS

Some HTML tags (and inline CSS as well) are allowed in WikiMSK, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. If you know enough HTML, this will come in handy as you edit pages. We encourage you, however, to stick with wikitext as much as possible to preserve content integrity over time and to make it as portable as possible.

Attaching files

WikiMSK encourages using supporting media to make content more informative, especially media that supports multilingual learning. A great variety of file types are allowed on WikiMSK: documents, presentations, videos, vector images, audio, and photographs, for example. Here are some instructions and guidelines on including media on your page.


Before uploading, please ensure that the content is owned by you or have legal rights to upload and redistribute it in a way that grants the same rights to the community. WikiMSK uses the CC BY-SA license as a default but welcomes content with other copyleft licenses such as GNU GPL (see Help:Creative Commons and WikiMSK:Copyrights and for more information on our approach to licensing).

Here is what you need to know about uploading files
Make sure to locate the file on your computer that you will upload.
We strongly recommend using open, editable file formats
For photos
Reduce photo sizes to less than 2MB to help us save disk space.
The preferred formats are JPEG for photographs and PNG for technical drawings.
Consider using tools like Compress JPEG Images Online or Compress PNG Images Online to reduce the file size.
Also, make sure to rotate the images to the proper orientation if it is a photo.
To upload any file
Click on the Special:Upload link located on the left of the website.
Click the "Browse..." button on the "Upload file" page, and select the file on your computer.
Select the destination name of your file. Ensure that the filename is original (if not, add the date to the start of the filename).
Choose the appropriate license.
Enter a summary (this step is optional but will be useful for others who view the file in the future).
The summary section is a great place to indicate how you obtained the file (if you created it or attribute the original author).
To finish the upload, press the "Upload file" button. You will have to wait, depending on your Internet connection.
Once your file is uploaded, you will probably want to put it on your page. This is done by adding [[File:Filename]] to the text.

Please note that others may edit your uploads (and admins may delete them) if necessary. Also, any attempts to abuse the system may get you blocked from uploading.

Embedding content

If you have uploaded videos or documents to other platforms such as YouTube or Google Docs, you can get an embed code that will show on WikiMSK pages. We don't have a strict policy that encourages or admonishes using embed codes, so you are free to consider whether to do so by considering the following possibilities.

Things to consider before embedding files
External sites sometimes break or become unavailable over the years. Once a site goes down or accounts are closed, content is usually lost for good.
Many sites do not allow users to download the content; this might become increasingly difficult due to legal restrictions around web scraping.
External hosting is useful for files too large to be stored on WikiMSK (e.g., using YouTube or Vimeo to store videos).
Sometimes it is possible to reduce the file size by switching formats e.g. by using the Windows software tool Handbrake, or an equivalent tool on Mac.

Avoid huge image files

Huge image files should be avoided, as they can make pages load slowly. This is an accessibility issue to consider especially for remote or underdeveloped areas. Usually, the file should be compressed to 2 MB or less, even for a very large or detailed picture. Photos from digital cameras can be bigger than 5 MB, which is often unnecessarily large.An image editing tool can help you resize it. To learn more about file types and file size calculation, please reference:


Main article: Help:Images

This section describes the image markup language, i.e. the set of "markers" (rules or conventions, coded expressions) to add images, illustrations, and graphics to WikiMSK pages. After having uploaded an image (of your creation or an open-source license image), you can insert it by referencing the filename as an internal link, for example:

[[Image:File.png | thumb | caption]]

For instance, if you just uploaded a file named AEFprevfilt2.jpg, you can insert it by typing [[Image:AEFprevfilt2.jpg where is the image filename, thumb is a parameter for the default formatting of the image, and caption is the short text that describes its content. The following table will describe some of the options that you may use to format your images.

Description You type You get
Image only [[Image:Posterior_Hip_Muscles.png]] Posterior Hip Muscles.png
Thumbnailed image [[Image:Posterior_Hip_Muscles.png|thumb]]
Posterior Hip Muscles.png
Captioned thumbnail [[Image:Posterior_Hip_Muscles.png|thumb|Fig 1: Cleaning out the old filter]]
Fig 1: Cleaning out the old filter
Captioned thumbnail with center alignment [[Image:Posterior_Hip_Muscles.png|thumb|center|Fig 1: Cleaning out the old filter]]
Fig 1: Cleaning out the old filter

See also a much more detailed page at wikipedia:Wikipedia:Picture tutorial, with many options.


Main article: Help:Images#Galleries

Image galleries are a great way to organize images on a grid. To include a gallery, you can either add one through visual editor (Insert -> Images and media) or through the source editor. For wiki text you need to wrap your image insertions with the <gallery></gallery> tags. For example:

<gallery mode=nolines widths=200>


Videos can be embedded by adding them through the same way as images in the visual editor or source editor.

For adding youtube videos you can using the youtube template in visual edito, or in source editor enclose the link between <youtube></youtube>. For example:


Other editing tools

Page history

Every page allows you to view the history of edits. This allows you to undo any changes that you have done to a page, and even to revert the page back in time to a previous version.


Diffs are pages that show the differences between page revisions in a wiki page. A diff page shows two columns with the text removed on the left and text added on the right and the more recent revision of the page displayed below the columns. To view a diff, go to the History tab, select two revisions and click "Compare selected revisions".

See also

Wikipedia tutorials

MediaWiki tutorials


Part or all of this article or section is derived from Help:Editing by Appropedia, used under CC-BY-SA